Football is a game that involves kicking and handling a ball. The earliest form of football was discovered in China and was called cuju. There is scientific evidence to prove this, and it also appeared in a military manual that is dated back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC. It evolved through the years to what we know now, and it is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football. This is the body responsible for organizing World Cups every four years. The World Cup is the most popular football tournament as it happens after every four years and is viewed worldwide. The World Cup is then followed by the UEFA Champions League, a club football, which also attracts masses all over the world.
Some of the rules in football are;
- A full match should have two 45 minutes halves with a rest period of fifteen minutes in between.
- Each team should have a minimum of eleven players where one is the goalkeeper.
- The field should be rectangular and well marked.
- The field should be made of grass, artificial or natural.
- The ball should have a circumference of 58-61 cm and must be circular.
- A match must have a referee and two assistant referees who are mostly called linesmen.
- A goal happens when the whole ball crosses the goal line.
- If teams are at a draw after extra time, a penalty shootout must take place.
- The players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands except for the goalkeepers.
- The players are required to wear a shirt, socks, football shoes, and shin guards.
Over the years, football has been the sport with the highest global television audience as it is played by over 240 million people from more than 200 countries. Football has become a career to many as many players get their livelihood from it.